India, a country which is rich in its heritage and culture. Thinking about Indian history, my mind quickly jumps into the ancient urban civilizations of India, one of which is Indus Valley civilization or Harappan civilization.
Indus Valley Civilization-
It dated back in 7000-600 BC. It was first found in Harappa in Punjab region in 1921, hence, Harappan civilization. Later, it was also found in Mohenjodaro in 1922 near Indus river.
The civilization was beautifully constructed in 1500 km. The animals like elephants, pigs, cattle, dogs, fowl, camels and buffalo were domesticated. The script of Harappan civilization is called Dravidian script and hence, people were called Dravidians. They used to grow wheat, barley, mustard, sesame, some stones of date, and cotton for survival.
The cities have shown incredible artefacts like small seals which were made with a type of talc called steatite. The dancing girl and beard man artefacts are quite famous from the remains of Harappan civilization. These seals are generally assumed to have been used for identification.
The decline of Harappan Civilization-
Both cities, Harappa and Mohenjodaro have been flooded quite many times before their decline. They have been devastated economically before they were attacked. The history shows that they have been attacked by some white-skinned people who priorly were considered Aryans. But the fact that Aryans have fled peacefully ruled out this theory. Anyway, the cities were already in decline, so it was evident that they are going to fall.
Coming to culture, it is expected that they used to worship a female deity as for pregnant women and a male as for wild animals. Apart from that, there are no shreds of evidence of any temples. The metals like Copper, Gold, and Silver were available which were either imported or already available. These cities were identified as world heritage and still remain in the regions of Pakistan.